SeaforthLocation: Middle Harbour
Seaforth overlooks Middle Harbour and is linked south to Mosman by the Spit Bridge. To the west, Seaforth overlooks Sugarloaf Bay across to the suburbs of Northbridge, Castlecrag and Castle Cove. The Garigal National Park sits on the northern border. Middle Harbour has few beaches and the shoreline of Seaforth is no exception.
There are only two spots for swimming here, both of them quite small on tiny ribbons of beach. A swimming enclosure on the northern side of Pickering Point is accessed via Gurney Crescent. Sangrado Pool is located at the end of Sangrado Street alongside the Seaforth Sailing Club s boatshed.
Seaforth is not far from Military Road, Mosman and its fashion, food and antique temptations. Nearby Manly's lively cafe, restaurant and beachside pub culture, as well as several good galleries, bookshops and antiques stores, are only 3 km from Seaforth, to the East along Sydney Road. The Spit and Clontarf areas below Seaforth, offer quality dining and picnic facilities.
Sangrado Park is a triangular waterside reserve on Middle Harbour. The walking path to Sangrado saltwater pool on Powder Hulk Bay holds a special surprise - a picturesque waterfall in a pocket of rainforest. Located beyond the end of Sangrado Street, the falls are located in Sangrado Park, a nature reserve behind a small beach on Powder Hulk Bay. About 50 steps take the walking track down to water level. A playground and open grassed area exists at the top of the reserve enclosed by public road and a scout hall. The name of the park and the street of the same name is probably a reference to the fictional character, Doctor Sangrado, who appeared in the classic novel Gil Blas. A very well-known etching by Gillray shows Doctor Sangrado curing John Bull by bleeding him.
These steps (originally wood, now metal) link Edgecliffe Esplanade to Battle Boulevarde. According to Jack Linton, a long-time Seaforth resident, there were 135 steps. Battle Boulevarde, which was also named after the Gallipoli lsnding, was first mentioned in Sands Directory in 1909. The steps most probably did not exist before the subdivision of Seaforth in circa 1906, and possibly did not exist before the establishment of Edgecliffe Esplanade, which was around 1912, but they may have been in existence for a few years before the events of World War One led to them being called Gallipoli Steps. The Gallipoli operations ended in December 1915.
Seaforth was the hunting and fishing land of the Birrabirrigal people, a small Aboriginal clan living around Middle Harbour at Seaforth and the Spit. Some of their rock carvings can still be seen at the northern end of Seaforth in Garigal National Park to the west of the Wakehurst Parkway. Because of the mainly rugged and steep nature of the terrain, middens have only been found near the shore line at Powder Hulk Bay. No Aboriginal graves have been located.
Middens are shell mounds built up over hundreds of years as a result of countless meals of shellfish. They are found along ocean coasts, estuaries, rivers and inland lakes, and primarily contain mature specimens of edible shellfish species. They may also contain pieces of clay, bird, fish and animal teeth and bones, campfire charcoal, stone flakes and the remains of tools. Less commonly found in middens are remains from human burials.
No borders existed among the various clans such as the Kay-ye-my at Manly Cove, the Cannalgal at Manly Beach, the Boregegal at Bradley s Head and the Gorualgal near Mosman. When game or fish were in abundance they shared their plenty with other clans. They were all part of the Eora people, a tribe who at the time of European settlement inhabited the Sydney Basin.
and along the coast between Pittwater and Botany Bay. They called the Spit Burra-Bra and Middle Harbour Warringa. The Birrabirrigal clan had been in the locality since at least the end of the last Ice Age when the valleys of Sydney Harbour and Middle Harbour were flooded by the rise in the level of the ocean. They have left little tangible evidence of their long association with the area. The arrival of the Europeans in 1788 and the consequent onset of disease among them saw their rapid decline so that by the time the Government of the Colony made land grants at Seaforth they had gone from their land.
From the late 19th century powder hulks were anchored in Powder Hulk Bay at Seaforth. They were Pride of England, the Behring, and the guard ship Alacrity. They were moved to Bantry Bay and were replaced by shore magazines at Bantry Bay in 1915.
Seaforth is located 12 kilometres north-east of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of Manly Council and is part of the Northern Beaches region. Because of its isolation, Seaforth remained undeveloped for many years. The hulks of ships that were no longer seaworthy were moored in Powder Hulk Bay for the storage of gunpowder between 1878 and 1919. The first subdivision and auction of land took place here under the name of Seaforth Estate in November 1906. Seaforth was named after Loch Seaforth and Seaforth Island in Scotland. The land in this area was once owned by Henry Halloran, who subdivided it in 1906.