Caringbah


One of the major shopping, commercial and regional centres of the Sutherland Shire, Caringbah is 24 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district. Caringbah once stretched from Woolooware Bay on the Georges River to Yowie Bay and Burraneer Bay on the Port Hacking estuary. A number of Caringbah localities have been declared as separate suburbs but still share the postcode 2229. These suburbs are to the north, Taren Pointon the Georges River and to the south, Port Hacking, Lilli Pilli, Dolans Bay and Caringbah South on the Port Hacking River. Caringbah features a mixture of residential, commercial and industrial areas.

Transport: Caringbah is a central suburb of the Sutherland Shire, considering some of the main roads intersect here. President Avenue and the Kingsway both run from Sutherland via Miranda in the west, to the popular beachside suburb of Cronulla in the east. Taren Point Road leads north to theCaptain Cook Bridge, St George area and further north to the Sydney CBD. Caringbah railway station is on the Cronulla branch of the Illawarra line on the City Rail network. Caringbah Bus Service runs buses to Lilli Pilli and Westfield Miranda and BusLink runs services to Cronulla and Westfield Miranda. Sydney Buses provide bus services to Rockdale and Westfield Miranda, but there are only limited Sydney Buses services that travel into the commercial area near the railway station.

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Markets
Caringbah Rotary Market
Council Car Park, Kingsway & President Ave, Caringbah
Trading: Last Sunday of every Month - 7am - 1pm
Type: General
Phone: 0458 768 279
Email: caringbahmarkets@gmail.com
Website: http://www.caringbahmarkets.com.au

EG Waterhouse Camellia Gardens


Overlooking Yowie Bay in Sydney s south, EG Waterhouse Camellia Gardens feature camellias, ferns and azaleas in a natural bush setting. It features a large collection of Camellias and Azaleas, with many rare and unusual species. There is nearly eight acres to explore, good parking available and the gardens bloom Four Seasons with many and varied flowers and plants. Location: President Avenue, Caringbah. Open daily 8.00 am - 5.00 pm; 8.00 am - 6.00 pm Sat and Sun in Summer.
Facilities: toilets, picnic and barbecue area, tea-house.

Alcheringa Reserve


Forest Road, Miranda: the reserve incorporates playing fields and a ribbon of natural bushland alongside Alcheringa Creek. The creek flows over a pretty 2-metre high waterfall in the reserve. The bays of the northern shores of Port Hacking once featured many such falls, this is one of only a handful that have survived the encroachment of suburbia.
UBD Map 333 Ref J 8

Aboriginal rock art

Hand stencils in a rock shelter in the Cabbbage Tree basin catchment. Photo: R.J. West

The area we now refer to as Port Hacking was known to the Dharawal People as Djeebahn, or Deeban. That Port Hacking must have been a favourite camping ground of the Aborigines is proved by the number of rock shelters, or, as they are locally styled, gunyahs, along its shores. In 1918 the worst tragedy in terms of human life in and around Port Hacking was reported due to the collapse of one of these shelters.

Sadly, the encroachment of suburbia has seen many of them destroyed by development or vandalism, or covered over by the landscaping of gardens. As with the various Aboriginal people around Australia, the Dreaming stories told through the rock art were the way in which information was archived  and passed on through the generations. Animals feature in these stories because of the prominent place they play in the stories of creation and of their lives - the successes and failures, the reasons for things and so on, but for the coastal peoples, the Orca, or Killer Whale, assumed dominance.

Some engravings, carvings, paintings, tool-making sites and midden sites remain, however, providing a source for research, and the passing of the story by story, song and dance. Middens can also be seen at many points along the shores of the Port Hacking River, including Little Moon and Great Moon Bays, Yowie Bay, Gymea Bay, Beauty Point and Greys Point. Middens reveal much of the Aboriginal life and history around Port Hacking. Flints, a skull and bone implements have been found by archaeologists during an excavation at numerous locations, such as Yowie Point. Spear sharpening grooves are visible on the rocks surrounding creeks in the area. Many overhangs on these shores still bear the stains of smoke from Aboriginal cooking fires.

The existence of surviving Aboriginal cultural sites has been carefully recorded, resulting in an amazing catalogue of artifacts found around Port Hacking. Studies have revealed the particular importance of Warumbul (in the Royal National Park) as a gathering place where the Law would be told, and the surrounds contain clear indications of its importance in the passing down of the story of the local people. Understandably, the most easily identifiable archaeological relics occur in the areas of the least European disturbance, in particular in what is now the Royal National Park. There are well-recorded rock art, paintings, tool making and burial sites. Some of these sites may be easily viewed.

In order to protect what is left of the evidence of Aboriginal culture on the rock faces or Port Hacking, the location of such sites is not widely broadcast. A few sites, such as those on the Jibbon Headland near Bundeena, have been signposted and have interpretive signage. If you are interested in viewing Aboriginal sites, visiting them is recommended. Should you be bushwalking and come across rock art of other occupation sites, by all means stop and look, but please leave them as you found them.

History


The name 'Caringbah' is an Aboriginal word for a pademelon wallaby. The suburb was originally called Highfield, but it is unclear whether this was a position description or whether it was named after an early resident. Caringbah was used from 1911, after the steam trams began operating between Cronulla and Sutherland. Thomas Holt (1811 -88) owned most of the land that stretched from Sutherland to Cronulla in the 1860s. Most of the area around Miranda and Caringbah was used for market gardening from the 1880s. Caringbah was still used for orchards and farming until after World War II. The railway line to Cronulla opened in 1939, which led to a boom in development.



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