Australian Museum

Location: College Street, Sydney Central Business District
Australia's oldest museum, The Australian Museum is a place of exploration and discovery, inspiring responsibility for our world by promoting knowledge, understanding and enjoyment of science, nature and culture. Australia's oldest museum, its collection focuses on natural history. Colonial architect Mortimer Lewis designed this impressive sandstone building.

The Australian Museum has an international reputation in the fields of natural history and indigenous studies research, community programs and exhibitions. The museum was established in 1827 and is Australia's first museum, with unique and extensive collections of natural science and cultural artefacts.

Experience the stories of Indigenous Australians in their own words, or discover Australia's strange and notorious animals. With its combination of the latest technology, ongoing research and impressive collections, the Australia Museum always surprises. They offer Indigenous Tourism packages where you can discover Indigenous Australia in the heart of Sydney with exciting new tour programs offering the ultimate cultural experience.

The Australian Museum has a unique and irreplaceable collection and the most extensive collection of Australian culture and natural history artifacts in the country. The museum is the guardian of Australian most priceless most important animal, mineral, fossil, vertebrate, invertebrate, and anthropological collection. The museum provides a range of educational programs and exhibitions that help to inspire our younger people. These programs and educational workshops are aimed at both primary and secondary student.

The permanent exhibition Dinosaurs explores how dinosaurs lived and died and how they know - using modern science and latest technology. Discover the latest answer to ageold questions - how did dinosaurs breed and grow?

6 College Street, Sydney. Open daily 9.30am - 5pm.


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History of The Building

The oasis of green in Sydney s heart that is known today as Hyde Park was originally part of the large tract of land earmarked by Governor Arthur Phillip for public recreation when he laid out the colony in 1788. During Sydney s first 22 years it remained virgin bush on the outskirts of town. Its use as parklands began when Lachlan Macquarie was Governor of NSW. Macquarie envisaged Hyde Park as a town common similar to those in English towns and cities, a parkleands near the centre of town reserved for public recreation. He had the area cleared of most of the large trees and oversaw the development of a 10 furlong racetrack (the park s circular shape at its northern end is a reminder of this former activity).

It was here that, by accident, the tradition in NSW and Queensland of racing in a clockwise direction commenced. Macquarie opened Sydney s first ever Spring horse racing carnival, held at the newly completed Hyde Park Race Track in October 1810. A young William Charles Wentworth, the son of Dr. D Arcy Wentworth who would later help establish the Rum Hospital nearby, thrilled spectators with his winning ride in the saddle of the bay gelding, Gig. On that occasion, a friendship was forged between them. Three years on, the young Wentworth joined the first party to cross the Blue Mountains. After Macquarie s return to London it was Wentworth who followed him to clear his name after it had been muddied by Commissioner Bigge.

The Race of 1810 was the first of many sporting events that would be held in Hyde Park over the years. Horse racing continued until the late 1820s, by which time the park had become a regular venue for fairs, knuckle fighting, boxing and wrestling. A cricket field was created within its boundaries in the 1830s and remained in use until its transfer to the Domain in 1862, the year in which the first cricket match between England and New South Wales took place there. Hyde Park became the location for Sydney s first zoo in 1849 with elephants, bears and a tiger.

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